Arunachal Macaque (Macaca munzala)


MORPHOLOGY:
This species has cheek pouches to carry food in while it forages. Adults are dark brown to dark chocolate dorsally, with distal parts of limbs and the upper torso becoming more pale, which range in color from light brown to olivaceous (Sinha et al., 2005). The hands and feet are pale brown in adults, relatively darker in juveniles (Sinha et al., 2005). The ventral side is lighter than the dorsal side, similar to the upper torso in most individuals (Sinha et al., 2005). Overall the pelage of this species is long and dense especially that of the upper torso (Sinha et al., 2005). The tail of this species is dark similar to the lower torso and hind limbs (Sinha et al., 2005). There is a prominent pale-yellow patch with dark hairs in the center on the front of the crown (Sinha et al., 2005). Although sometimes the patch is not as prominent, suggesting that there might be minor seasonality to the coat color (Sinha et al., 2005). The Arunachal macaque has a very prognathous head, with the upper part of the face wider than the muzzle (Sinha et al., 2005). The skin on the face is colored dark brown (Sinha et al., 2005). On both temples is found a prominent dark patch that will occasionally extend as a stripe from the outer corner of the eye or the upper cheek to the ear (Sinha et al., 2005). Along the forehead, above the eyes, is a long, thin dark stripe that is more prominent in juveniles (Sinha et al., 2005). The skin around the eyes is paler than the rest of the face (Sinha et al., 2005). The nose is also paler in color, especially in adults, and has a flaring appearance to it (Sinha et al., 2005). In some individuals a dorsal colored ring of hair on the neck is found (Sinha et al., 2005). The male's glans penis is dark pink in color (Sinha et al., 2005).

RANGE:
The Arunachal macaque is found in the country of India in Arunachal Pradesh in the districts of Tawang and West Kameng (Sinha et al., 2005).

ECOLOGY:
This is a diurnal and terrestrial species.

LOCOMOTION:
The Arunachal macaque is a quadrupedal species (Fleagle, 1988).

SOCIAL BEHAVIOR:
The Arunachal macaque lives in multimale groups (Sinha et al., 2005).

VOCAL COMMUNICATION:
OLFACTORY COMMUNICATION:

VISUAL COMMUNICATION:

TACTILE COMMUNICATION:

REPRODUCTION:

REFERENCES:
Sinha, A., Datta, A., Madhusudan, M.D., and Mishra, C. 2005. Macaca munzala: A new species from Western Arunachal Pradesh, Northeastern India. International Journal of Primatology. Vol. 26(4). 977-989.

Last Updated: June 17, 2007.
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